European minks weigh 15.5 to 26 ounces (440 to 739 g) and are around 12 to 15 inches (31 to 38 cm). American minks become independent at six to 10 months while European minks leave at much younger age, around two-and-a-half to four months, according to ADW. Wild Mink. A very large subspecies, it is only slightly smaller than, A moderately-sized subspecies, it is slightly larger than, The middle zone of the European part of the. European Mink - Mustela lutreola The European mink is one of the most endangered mammals in Europe. Data from the 1990s indicate the European mink has disappeared from the northern half of this previous range. They weigh 25 to 56 ounces (700 to 1,600 grams) and are 18 to 27.5 inches (46 to 70 centimeters) long. The European mink has apparently never existed in the British Isles. Fairly large, the males attain the peak sizes known for European polecats (weighing 1,120–1,746 g (2.469–3.849 lb) and measuring 41–47 cm (16–19 in) in length), and females are much larger than female European minks (weighing 742 g (1.636 lb) and measuring 37 cm (15 in) in length). [24], The European mink has a diverse diet consisting largely of aquatic and riparian fauna. Please deactivate your ad blocker in order to see our subscription offer, (Image credit: Martin Mecnarowski Shutterstock), United States Department of Agriculture: Mink, American Museum of Natural History: American Mink, Black holes may not exist, but fuzzballs might, wild theory suggests. Danube Delta: <1,000 individuals A similar pattern occurred in Switzerland, with no records of minks being published in the 20th century. Mink are aggressive predators and will overkill prey. The decline of the European mink in Estonia and Belarus was rapid during the 1980s, with only a few small, fragmented populations in the northeastern regions of both countries being reported in the 1990s. [7], The European mink was historically hunted extensively, particularly in Russia, where in some districts, the decline prompted a temporary ban on mink hunting to let the population recover. They are crepuscular, which means they are most active during the dawn and dusk hours, spending their time marking their territory and looking for prey. Denmark plans to slaughter up to 17 million farmed mink because a coronavirus mutation discovered in the animals that spread to humans, Danish Prime Minister Mette Frederiksen said Thursday. A polecat-mink hybrid has a poorly defined facial mask, yellow fur on the ears, grey-yellow underfur and long, dark brown guard hairs. During the winter, their diets overlap more with those of polecats, and will eat a larger proportion of rodents than in the summer, though they still rely heavily on frogs and rarely scavenge ungulate carcasses as the polecat does. They accompany the mother on hunting expeditions at the age of 56–70 days, and become independent at the age 70–84 days. The European mink possibly was gradually absorbed by the polecat due to hybridisation. Zoologica Scripta, 33: 481 - 499, Tumanov, Igor L. & Abramov, Alexei V. (2002), Why is the European mink, Mustela lutreola disappearing? In the wild, mink are small, discreet, and most often nocturnal, and they live in close proximity to water. American Minks have been bred in farms for over a century due to the high demand for their soft, luxurious fur. It is similar in colour to the American mink, but is slightly smaller and has a less specialized skull. In mid-19th-century Germany, for example, European mink populations declined in a decade due to expanded land drainage. Working on behalf of American farmers, trade missions promote our product in all the main buying markets, from Europe to the Far East, and through representation at the major international fur fairs in Paris, Frankfurt, Hong Kong, Montreal and New York. The mink's fur is very valuable around the world. It occurs from sea level to 1,120 m (1,220 yd). The European mink is also known to eat some vegetation. In particularly dark individuals, a dark, broad dorsal belt is present. Historically, the European mink was found throughout much of Europe, from Finland down to Spain. They are born blind; the eyes open after 30–31 days. [5] As the European mink is more dependent on wetland habitats than the American species, its decline in Central Europe, Estonia, Finland, Russia, Moldova and Ukraine has been linked to the drainage of small rivers. There was a problem. The winter fur of the American mink is denser, longer and more closely fitting than that of the European mink. Because of this, there are farms that raise minks to harvest their fur. The mink's coat is coated in oil to repel water. In 2011, the species was upgraded from Endangered (EN) to Critically Endangered (CR) on the IUCN Red List. Records of minks in Austria stopped by the late 18th century. It likely first arose in the Middle Pleistocene, with several fossils in Europe dated to the Late Pleistocene being found in caves and some suggesting early exploitation by humans. Mink is a mammal that belongs to the family of weasels. Stay up to date on the coronavirus outbreak by signing up to our newsletter today. Differences between its diet and that of the American mink are small. Along shorelines, the length of a home range varies from 250–2,000 m (270–2,190 yd), with a width of 50–60 m (55–66 yd). Their fur is highly valued. Males measure 373–430 mm (14.7–16.9 in) in body length, while females measure 352–400 mm (13.9–15.7 in). Today it is virtually impossible to estimate the number of mink living in our waterways. [6], The European mink is mostly restricted to Europe. The European mink's daily food requirement is 140–180 grams (4.9–6.3 oz). In Latvia, the European mink was thought to be extinct for years, until a specimen was captured in 1992. The animals are still farmed for fur in some European ... there are mink populations in the wild. under the European mink EEP Program. Their numbers started to reduce during the twentieth century, and they are extinct in numerous places. minor (Erxleben, 1777) [1] In Estonia, efforts have been made to re-establish viable populations on the islands of Saaremaa and Hiiumaa. This includes approximately 25,000 European minks in Russia, approximately 2,000 minks found in France and approximately 1,000 minks in northern Spain. Farmed mink, are fed left-overs from our own food production, The manure, bedding (soiled straw and wood shavings) and carcasses are composted to produce organic fertilizers to replenish the soil. Muskrats, chipmunks, mice, rabbits, fish, snakes, frogs and water fowl are all part of the mink's diet. Minks are found near bodies of water, such as streams, lakes or ponds that have nearby tree cover. In France and Spain, an isolated range occurs, extending from Brittany to northern Spain. In Central Europe and Finland, the decline preceded the introduction of the American mink, having likely been due to the destruction of river ecosystems, while in Estonia, the decline seems to coincide with the spread of the American mink. Disease spread by the American mink can also account for the decline. [5], The winter fur of the European mink is very thick and dense, but not long, and quite loosely fitting. 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