1.03 Conflicts Between Ethics and Organizational Demands (b) If confidential information concerning recipients of psychological services is entered into databases or systems of records available to persons whose access has not been consented to by the recipient, psychologists use coding or other techniques to avoid the inclusion of personal identifiers. 0 All rights reserved. As soon as feasible, they provide information about the results and conclusions of such services to appropriate persons. (d) Psychologists appropriately document written or oral consent, permission, and assent. American Psychological Association. The Preamble and 4.04 Minimizing Intrusions on Privacy (See also Standard 3.12, Interruption of Psychological Services.). ), 4.06 Consultations A psychologist refrains from entering into a multiple relationship if the multiple relationship could reasonably be expected to impair the psychologist's objectivity, competence, or effectiveness in performing his or her functions as a psychologist, or otherwise risks exploitation or harm to the person with whom the professional relationship exists. (See also Standard 5.03, Descriptions of Workshops and Non-Degree-Granting Educational Programs.). (b) Psychologists use assessment instruments whose validity and reliability have been established for use with members of the population tested. (See also Standard 3.05, Multiple Relationships.). If the demands of an organization with which psychologists are affiliated or for whom they are working are in conflict with this Ethics Code, psychologists clarify the nature of the conflict, make known their commitment to the Ethics Code, and take reasonable steps to resolve the conflict consistent with the General Principles and Ethical Standards of the Ethics Code. 9.09 Test Scoring and Interpretation Services ), (b) Faculty who are or are likely to be responsible for evaluating students' academic performance do not themselves provide that therapy. 10.08 Sexual Intimacies with Former Therapy Clients/Patients In their work-related activities, psychologists do not engage in unfair discrimination based on age, gender, gender identity, race, ethnicity, culture, national origin, religion, sexual orientation, disability, socioeconomic status, or any basis proscribed by law. Psychologists are aware of and respect cultural, individual, and role differences, including those based on age, gender, gender identity, race, ethnicity, culture, national origin, religion, sexual orientation, disability, language, and socioeconomic status, and consider these factors when working with members of such groups. The American Psychological Association's (APA's) Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct (hereinafter referred to as the Ethics Code) consists of an Introduction, a Preamble, six General Principles (A - F), and specific Ethical Standards. Psychologists may not withhold records under their control that are requested and needed for a client's/patient's emergency treatment solely because payment has not been received. (c) Psychologists use assessment methods that are appropriate to an individual's language preference and competence, unless the use of an alternative language is relevant to the assessment issues. Psychologists strive to be aware of the possible effect of their own physical and mental health on their ability to help those with whom they work. (b) If psychologists will be precluded by law or by organizational roles from providing such information to particular individuals or groups, they so inform those individuals or groups at the outset of the service. The code of conduct is … Psychologists are advised to ensure their versions are current. (See also Standard 4.05, Disclosures. In these activities psychologists do not steal, cheat or engage in fraud, subterfuge, or intentional misrepresentation of fact. Mere possession of an institutional position, such as department chair, does not justify authorship credit. 7.03 Accuracy in Teaching American Psychological Association. The services are discontinued as soon as the emergency has ended or appropriate services are available. Psychologists refrain from taking on a professional role when personal, scientific, professional, legal, financial, or other interests or relationships could reasonably be expected to (1) impair their objectivity, competence, or effectiveness in performing their functions as psychologists or (2) expose the person or organization with whom the professional relationship exists to harm or exploitation. (a) Psychologists who engage others to create or place public statements that promote their professional practice, products, or activities retain professional responsibility for such statements. Experiments and Studies. Sexual harassment can consist of a single intense or severe act or of multiple persistent or pervasive acts. (See also Standards 2.01b and c, Boundaries of Competence, and 3.01, Unfair Discrimination. 8.07 Deception in Research (a) When obtaining informed consent as required in Standard 3.10, Informed Consent, psychologists inform participants about (1) the purpose of the research, expected duration, and procedures; (2) their right to decline to participate and to withdraw from the research once participation has begun; (3) the foreseeable consequences of declining or withdrawing; (4) reasonably foreseeable factors that may be expected to influence their willingness to participate such as potential risks, discomfort, or adverse effects; (5) any prospective research benefits; (6) limits of confidentiality; (7) incentives for participation; and (8) whom to contact for questions about the research and research participants' rights. (d) Psychologists make reasonable efforts to minimize the discomfort, infection, illness, and pain of animal subjects. Psychologists do not deny persons employment, advancement, admissions to academic or other programs, tenure, or promotion, based solely upon their having made or their being the subject of an ethics complaint. (a) When individual or group therapy is a program or course requirement, psychologists responsible for that program allow students in undergraduate and graduate programs the option of selecting such therapy from practitioners unaffiliated with the program. hޔUko�6�+��E�R|K@a��x �8F�5�#`l�*K�����!e{�kg+�+R��>xy��M�I[�a�n4a,!�p��H�0r�3`� ���$&<0h�*�e��ϟ���~q�߈0]�&����rQ-�r��x0T��1��N���C͍ (See also Standard 8.12b, Publication Credit.). Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct Ethics Code (The Code) in 2019. Psychologists cooperate in ethics investigations, proceedings, and resulting requirements of the APA or any affiliated state psychological association to which they belong. (a) Psychologists make reasonable efforts to avoid offering excessive or inappropriate financial or other inducements for research participation when such inducements are likely to coerce participation. 8.04 Client/Patient, Student, and Subordinate Research Participants (a) After research results are published, psychologists do not withhold the data on which their conclusions are based from other competent professionals who seek to verify the substantive claims through reanalysis and who intend to use such data only for that purpose, provided that the confidentiality of the participants can be protected and unless legal rights concerning proprietary data preclude their release. American Psychological Association. When, despite reasonable efforts, such an examination is not practical, psychologists document the efforts they made and the result of those efforts, clarify the probable impact of their limited information on the reliability and validity of their opinions, and appropriately limit the nature and extent of their conclusions or recommendations. (b) In the absence of a client/patient release, psychologists provide test data only as required by law or court order. AASP members provide diagnostic, therapeutic, teaching, research, educational, supervisory, or other consultative services only in the context of a defined professional or scientific relationship or role. (g) When it is appropriate that an animal's life be terminated, psychologists proceed rapidly, with an effort to minimize pain and in accordance with accepted procedures. Psychologists who review material submitted for presentation, publication, grant, or research proposal review respect the confidentiality of and the proprietary rights in such information of those who submitted it. 1.07 Improper Complaints Because psychologists' scientific and professional judgments and actions may affect the lives of others, they are alert to and guard against personal, financial, social, organizational, or political factors that might lead to misuse of their influence. 8.06 Offering Inducements for Research Participation Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct The American Psychological Association (APA) Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct includes an introduction, preamble, a list of five aspirational principles and a list of ten enforceable standards that psychologists use to guide ethical decisions in practice, research, and education. 1.02 Conflicts Between Ethics and Law, Regulations, or Other Governing Legal Authority In addition, APA may take action against a member after his or her conviction of a felony, expulsion or suspension from an affiliated state psychological association, or suspension or loss of licensure. When psychologists pay, receive payment from, or divide fees with another professional, other than in an employer-employee relationship, the payment to each is based on the services provided (clinical, consultative, administrative, or other) and is not based on the referral itself. (b) When psychologists become aware of personal problems that may interfere with their performing work-related duties adequately, they take appropriate measures, such as obtaining professional consultation or assistance, and determine whether they should limit, suspend, or terminate their work-related duties. 1.01 Misuse of Psychologists' Work Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct (hereinafter referred to as the Ethics Code) consists of an Introduction, a Preamble, five General Principles (A-E), and specific Ethical Standards. 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