*Wag! Saponins are amphipathic glycosides that help protect it against fungi microbes and also works as an antifeedant. The cat will need to be hospitalized throughout this process. I have noticed that cats tend to like batting the foliage with their claws on occasion, which can lead to shredded leaves on a Draceana, so there is one thing to look out for for the safety of the plant in relation to cats. Toxicity to pets The cornstalk plant, corn plant, ribbon plant, dragon tree, money tree, or lucky bamboo are a few of the common names used for plants of the genus Dracaena. You'll find houseplants like the Christmas cactus (Schlumbergera xbuckleyi), the bamboo palm (Chamaedorea microspadi) and the Boston fern (Nephrolepis exaltata) on the ASPCA's non-toxic plants for cats list. It prefers part sun, but tolerates shady areas and needs moist, well-drained soil. Thriving dracaena plants can grow up to 10 feet (3.0 m) tall, but you can easily control their height with a bit of pruning. The Dracaena compacta plant, a compact, slow growing member of the Dracaena family, is native to South East Africa. © 2020 Wag Labs, Inc. All rights reserved. I love him dearly, but I don’t have a lot of money for another vet bill (we were just there today). Some cats are attracted to potting soil; digging it out provides great enjoyment. The "Tricolor" variety of this plant has cream and red stripes on its leaves. Cats … Although it is rare for dracaenas to flower, the species d racaena fragrans massangeana, ... (ASPCA) lists dracaena plants as toxic to cats and dogs. Can You Spray Your Houseplants With White Vinegar to Keep Cats From Eating Them? The full botanical name is Dracaena fragrans ‘Massangeana’. A cat who has ingested straight margined dracaena is likely to make a fast recovery within 24 hours of eating the plant. Signs to watch for include: Due to how often straight margined dracaena is kept in people's homes, it is likely that indoor cats will come into contact with the plant at some point in their lives. He takes gabapentin PRN up to BID. More often, it is found in its smaller form as an indoor plant. Toxicity: Moderate. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. The one with the common name corn plant or cornstalk is the massangeana. If you suspect your pet may have ingested a potentially toxic substance, call the APCC at (888) 426-4435 or contact your local veterinarian as soon as possible. If the situation has become severe enough, intravenous fluids and electrolytes will need to be supplemented. Make sure the stones are too big for your cat to swallow. The corn plant poses no threat to humans, but it is considered to be very toxic to other animals like cats and dogs. Dracaena can cause GI upset, decreased appetite, or stomach upset. Straight Margined Dracaena Poisoning in Cats, Anemia / Depression / Drooling / Pain / Vomiting / Weakness. In the wild, cats probably ate plants and flowers as a source of fiber, so if your cat licks his lips at the sight of a potted plant, he may be responding to this genetic predisposition. Dracaena is toxic to both cats and dogs. Cats may also have dilated pupils after consuming dracaena leaves. Yes — non-toxic for cats and dogs: Air Cleaner : Yes — removes formaldehyde from air: Description. After a lengthened period of vomiting, the cat may become dehydrated. This Dracaena fragrans was previously designated as Dracaena deremensisand that name is still used by some nurseries and others. The leaves are variegated and highly resemble those on the stalk of edible garden corn. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM. It is often referred to as Dracaena fragrans or Dracaena deremensis. Other plants you may not suspect, like aloe vera, can be toxic for cats as well. Or rather saponin, a chemical compound that is found in the plant, is toxic to them. Corn plants grow fairly slowly from one or more thick canes (stems) that produce long, narrow leaves (like those of corn) toward the top. Variegated dracaena is an attractive evergreen indoor or outdoor container plant with thin stems that have natural bends in them, adding visual interest. Many people enjoy straight margined dracaena due to its tropical look and ease of care. If you use a dull blade, this can hurt the plant and make it more challenging for it to heal. If your cat or dog snacks on your dracaena leaves, they may experience vomiting, excessive salivation, severe lack of appetite and depression. If your Kitty had been off food that could have lead to Hepatic Lipadosis (Liver disease), which comes from a cat not eating. It is among a variety of popular garden container and houseplants named Dracaena, which are all toxic to cats. This is one of the easiest to care for and the … In my own experience we have never had a pet that has become sick from plants. Lori Gilbert on November 20, 2017: Are Cane Plants - Dracaena Massangeana - safe to have in the house with cats? Genetics may also lead to some cats being more sensitive to whatever chemicals exist in straight margined dracaena. The corn plant (Dracaena fragrans) is an oldie but goodie in the houseplant industry.Europeans have been using these tropical African evergreens as indoor plants since the mid-1800s, and they’ve been popular in the United States since the early 20th century. The variegated dracaena can grow to 10 feet tall and to 10 feet wide. I noticed he isn’t eating very much at all. If you already own a variegated dracaena, you may want to move it out of your cat's reach. The origin of the plant name comes from the ancient Greek word drakaina or female dragon, due to a red gum-like resin in the stems of dracaena that was likened to dragon blood. The corn plant, also called the cornstalk plant, money tree, lucky bamboo, dragon tree, dracaena and ribbon plant, is toxic to cats. You cannot grow corn plants in water, as they need to be kept in damp soil. As the name suggests it does have a fragrant flower in winter, the flowers are a creamy white and appear on a long flower spike, the fragrance is strong and some people remove the flower. I believe that you will have to do some convincing now that Max has taken a liking to your plant. There are over 40 varieties of dracaena; all are capable of making your cat sick if they are ingested. The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASCPA) says that cornstalk plants (Dracaena) contain toxic chemical compounds named saponins. Name – Dracaena fragrans ‘massangeana’ Family – Agavaceae Type – indoor plant Height – 3 to 6 ½ feet (1 to 2 meters) Exposure – very well-lit, even full sun The saponins in the plant's leaves and bark can induce vomiting or vomiting blood, anorexia, excessive salivation and depression. may collect a share of sales or other compensation from the links on this page. Dracaena fragrans A slow-growing shrub usually sold as potted plants with lengths varying from 6 inches to 5 feet, Dracaena fragrans is simply one of the most popular and best interior plants. The cat is likely to expel the plant material on its own, but should be monitored until the illness has passed. There are varying species that contain unknown steroidal saponins which may cause drooling, vomiting, weakness, incoordination and dilated pupils (cats) when ingested. There are a few dracaena fragrans varieties that display different types of leaves such as the massangeana, lindenii and victoria. Straight margined dracaena is thought to possess toxic properties, although this is sometimes argued as no specific toxin has been identified as of yet. You can encourage these bends by placing your dracaena on its side, forcing it to reach toward light. Dracaena fragrans is propagated by cutting segments of old stems 10–20 cm (3.9–7.9 in) long, drying them, and then inserting them into moist sand until they root. This species is quite “an attractive, stiff-leaved plant with green … If you suspect your pet may have ingested a potentially toxic substance, call the APCC at (888) 426-4435 or contact your local veterinarian as soon as possible. It is often called the Madagascar dragon tree or red edge dracaena and is classified as a Dracaena marginata of the Asparagaceae plant family. If you live in a warmer area, keeping your cat indoors will also prevent it from contacting this or other toxic plants growing in neighborhood gardens. Cats allowed outdoors in warmer climates may also contact the plant in gardens. As soon as all plant material has exited the cat, symptoms should cease and no lasting damage should remain. Dracaena massangeana belongs to the dragon plant family, and its complete scientific name, D. fragrans, hints to its rare amazingly scented blooming. Perhaps you could provide some cat grass PLUS spray a bitter apple or other repellent on your tree. Dracaena fragrans is a slow growing shrub, usually multistemmed at the base, mature specimens reaching 15 m (49 ft) or more tall with a narrow crown of usually slender erect branches. Dracaena marginata causes more gastrointestinal upset than anything else; you may notice other symptoms including dilated pupils, abdominal pain, loss of appetite among others mentioned on our page. The Dracaena genus contains hundreds of species of plants, and Dracaena fragrans is only one. Indeed, Tina Wismer, DVM, medical director of the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) Animal Poison Control Center, says one of the most common calls to the center concerns a cat making a meal of a houseplant or some flowers. If grown outside, this plant grows best in U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 10b through11. If your cat begins to exhibit symptoms of illness, take it to be professionally assessed by a veterinarian. Blood may be noticeable in the vomit. Place your cat-safe plants in various spots your kitty enjoys exploring. She wrote a senior home health care newsletter for 10 years and enjoys writing on pet and livestock care, health, antiques, travel, gardening and relationship issues. Use a clean, sharp knife or garden shears when pruning your dracaena. The origin of the Dracaena is Africa, Central America and Asia. But we had a Dracaena plant that there is evidence of them chewing on the leaves a little bit. It has sword-shaped leaves that are grey-green with white, green or grey stripes. It has narrow, arching leaves with purple margins. Dracaenas sometimes resemble palms such as the Dracaena fragrans and are said to purify the air. It is remarkably difficult to get corn plants to flower. You may be asked what type of plants you keep in and around your home, and if you allow your cat to to outdoors. What should I do??? The vet will then perform a complete physical examination of the cat, noting any abnormalities. So, their behavior has been weird anyway as they adjust to so much. They are removing harmful gases from the air as a NASA study concludes. We usually see GI side effects from eating plants. We have listed below some of the many plants that are potentially toxic for cats and should be avoided. If you are thinking about purchasing houseplants, check the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA)'s toxic plants list first. The cat moved from a small apartment with one person to a large three story house with two other people three days ago. Unfor… It starts to wear on the liver evetually leading to liver failure. Place plants that grow downward in hanging baskets, keeping the foliage out of your cat's reach. The Dracena family consists of a number … Straight margined dracaena is a specific subspecies of the common dracaena plant. If a cat consumes straight margined dracaena, mild symptoms may follow with the potential of moderate illness, although many cases may resolve without any negative impact. My cat nibbled on a few leads when we were first given the plant a few days ago. The ‘Warneckii’ succulent has been awarded the prestigious Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit. Dracaena massangeana key facts. I just learnt this plant is poisonous. Centuries ago, this resin was used for toothpaste, dyes, and medicines. Ruth Amick entered the world of publishing in 1987 as an editorial assistant at "Cycle Magazine." It can cause vomiting (with blood), hypersalivation and weight loss. The ‘Warneckii’ succulent is a cultivar of Dracaena fragrans. And its truly remarkable that this plant is so adaptable to growing indoors because its native habitat is in tropical africa. If you witnessed your cat eating a plant but are unsure of what is was, bring a small cutting with you for the vet to identify, as this can help in determining proper treatment. The Dracaena plant can cause some drooling, a rapid heart beat, the pupils to be dilated, Ataxia and weakness, vomiting, breathing issues, and cause a cat to go off food. Dracaena fragrans massangeana cats. Dracaena fragrans plants contain poisonous substances that can harm pets such as cats and dogs. Tur may need therapy to help him get through this toxicity. Recovery of Straight Margined Dracaena Poisoning in Cats A cat who has ingested straight margined dracaena is likely to make a fast recovery within 24 hours of eating the plant. The dracaena corn plant (botanical name: dracaena fragrans massangeana) is a well known indoor plant which is grown in many homes and offices within the US, UK and Europe. Consider adding sprouted cat grass or catnip, available at most pet supply stores, to your home decor. However, I will do whatever it takes to keep him healthy. This ornamental plant contains saponins, which cause severe stomach upset for your cat, should it be unfortunate enough to nibble part of a cornstalk plant. The Cat Fanciers Association: Plants and Your Cat, American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA): Toxic and Non-Toxic Plants, 5 Common Household Plants That Are Poisonous to Animals. Thank you for your email. Dracaena fragrans Toxic to: Cats and Dogs. You can take measures to protect your cat from plants and at the same time, protect the plants from her teeth. While the plant poses a minimal risk, it is still wise to exercise caution if your cat has potential access to a straight margined dracaena. The Dracaena is also called the Dragon Blood Tree and is an easy to care houseplant. Toxicity to Animals If you have dogs or cats at home, it's advisable to avoid planting any Dracaena, which can be toxic if ingested, especially by smaller animals. Some other popular houseplants in this genus include the snake plant (Dracaena trifasciata) and lucky bamboo (Dracaena sanderiana). The variegated dracaena (Dracaena marginata "Variegata") is also known as the dragon tree. Your vet will need to determine if the cat is suffering an electrolyte imbalance and dehydration, as these issues would need correction. A sample of your cat's blood will be collected so that routine tests may be run to get an idea of the cat's overall health condition. Dracaena is a very popular plant and can be kept both, indoors as well as outdoors depending on the climate. Daffodils, for example, can cause stomach upsets, vomiting, or worse if your cat eats the foliage, flowers or pods. The leaves of the straight margined dracaena have a reddish purple edge and become yellow prior to falling off from old age as new foliage emerges. A complete blood count and a biochemical profile may reveal a depletion in electrolytes, suggesting that the cat is becoming dehydrated from prolonged symptoms. Items are sold by the retailer, not Wag!. One of the most common emergency calls veterinarians receive concerns pets chewing on houseplants. The leaves are somewhat tough and stiff. They’re attractive, easy to maintain, and can tolerate low light conditions, which makes them popular indoor plants in homes and offices. In warmer climates it is suited to growing outdoors in a shaded position . The variegated dracaena (Dracaena marginata "Variegata") is also known as the dragon tree. The plant grows from a wooded stem and shoots long, slender leaves that look somewhat like palm fronds. As soon as all plant material has exited the cat, symptoms should cease and no lasting damage should remain. There is also the chance that the plant material is simply not digestible to a cat and is expelled by the body either as vomit or in its whole form from the bowels. Watering . It is still debatable whether the plant is poisonous or simply indigestible. It has long, rugged leaves that have resemblance to corn foliage, hence, the common name Corn Plant. Healthy Pet: Can Cats and Houseplants Just Get Along? That’s a change from when he first moved in and could be normal but very worried that it may be from chewing the plant leaves. How to get Corn Plants to Flower. Today, it is still used for varnish and photoengraving. My cat ate some leaves of a Dracaena marginata plant at my parents house. (1) All parts of the plant may contain steroidal saponins or various alkaloids that can cause a negative reaction if eaten by a cat. Hello, Dracaena are on the warning list. If the cat is struggling to eliminate straight margined dracaena leaves from its body, the veterinarian may choose to induce vomiting by administering hydrogen peroxide until all stomach contents are removed. If your cat eats the skinny leaves of the variegated dracaena he may vomit, have diarrhea, lose his appetite and become lethargic. Always use a sharp blade or pruning shears when pruning your plants. When it comes to the fragrans species, things can get a bit confusing. A dog eating dracaena leaves can result in vomiting (sometimes with and sometimes without blood), diarrhea, weakness, drooling, loss of … She was also editorial assistant at CurtCo Publishing for "Audio/Video Interiors Magazine" and "CarAudio Magazine." If ingested, these can cause vomiting, excessive drooling in cats, dogs, and horses. Some may choose to remove plants that pose a potential threat to cats from their home. Dracaena reflexa is a popular houseplant with origins in Madagascar and other Indian ocean islands. To avoid any heartache and steep vet bills, make sure you keep this plant away from pets and children. The original botanical name for this plant was "Dracæna" — but that's usually Americanized to "Dracena." It would be best to have him seen by a veterinarian. If a cat or dog consumes some of a plant and experiences mouth irritation then it's likely they wont return again (but we all know our beloved pets can be daft at times). The bitter apple stuff should do it. It can take cats a few months to adjust to a new living situation. But cat owners should be aware that those lovely flowers can potentially be toxic for cats. For it to thrive it needs a subtropical climate (US hardiness zone 10 – 12 for outdoor growing). Tropical corn plants (Dracaena fragrans massangeana) are a common houseplant capable of reaching 6 feet tall at maturity. Can Corn Plants Grow in Water? Try placing heavy, smooth stones that she can't move on top on your soil. If he continues to act abnormally it may be best to have your vet run some bloodwork to make sure that there is nothing wrong. The reactions in the cat after ingestion are also similar to those caused by grass. Clinical Signs: Vomiting (occasionally with blood), depression, anorexia, hypersalivation, dilated pupils (cats). Cats may chew on plants and flowers in the home for the nutritional content, but they may also do it out of boredom, or just to gain your attention. It can be used in gardens in most of the southern United States. What symptoms should I look for specifically, how often do I need to check, and how long do I need to monitor him for until he is out of danger? Dracaena plants are hardy houseplants with a lush, tropical appearance and strap-shaped leaves. This plant is an evergreen shrub. Though dracaena does not usually cause death, veterinary attention is necessary because it takes 12 to 24 hours for these symptoms to disappear. Dracaena marginata – variegated. Move others away from areas where your cat likes to spend time. He is a 14 year old domestic longhair with a hx of constipation, pancreatitis, spondylitis, ear infections, and arthritis. Native to Eastern Africa, straight margined dracaena can be grown in a tree or shrub form and can reach heights of 15 feet when planted in the ground. Before you make your cuts, wipe down your garden shears with rubbing alcohol or an all-purpose disinfectant. And the ones behavior is extra strange. To prevent your cat from becoming ill from eating straight margined dracaena, keep all houseplants out of the cat's reach and clean all fallen leaves regularly. The dracaena corn plant (botanical name: dracaena fragrans massangeana) is a well known indoor plant which is grown in many homes and offices within the US, UK and Europe. Dracaena Fragrans Cintho Origin. According to the ASPCA, Dracaena is toxic to cats and dogs. If treatment is needed, it will likely be symptomatic in nature. The short answer is no. The houseplant needs little maintenance, can be in the partial shade and is therefore very suitable for offices. He’s not vomiting or diarrhea but is extra shy and sleepy and does not want to be petted too long right now. The dracaena plant is also known as the Song of India and Pleomele. There are no reported animal deaths from straight margined dracaena consumption. As Britaninica.com notes, some species of Dracaena “are cultivated as houseplants for their ornamental foliage and are noted as effective air cleaners that remove chemicals, such as formaldehyde, from the … If you observe these symptoms, call your veterinarian for advice. It can also cause cats’ pupils to dilate. Clinical Signs: Vomiting (occasionally with blood), depression, anorexia, hypersalivation, dilated pupils (cats). This could be from him chewing on the plant leaves but may just be from the move. Is Night-Blooming Cereus Poisonous to Cats? The closest relative of the Compacta is the Dracaena janet craig, but the Compacta is quite different in appearance. Urinalysis may also be needed to assess how the internal organs are functioning. You should monitor Rusty for improvement, but if there is no improvement over the weekend you should return to your Veterinarian next week for another examination. Providing your cat's full medical history to the veterinarian can further assist in both the diagnostic and treatment process. Cats may be prone to nibbling on the plant as it is very similar to grass. All of the cat's vital functions will be measured, including its temperature and blood pressure. He’s older and more fragile and I don’t want to ignore anything that will throw off his lab work, especially since it is within normal limits. New growth, typically being two or three shoots, comes from old foliar scars at the top of the stem.
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